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Ariel A. Salas, MD, MSPH

Ariel A. Salas, MD, MSPH
Assistant Professor
Department of Pediatrics
Division of Neonatology
1700 6th Ave S. Women and Infants Center Suite 9380
Phone: (205) 934-6480

Ariel A. Salas is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Pediatrics. He received his M.D. from the Universidad Mayor de San Andres in 2004.  He then completed two residencies in Pediatrics, a fellowship in Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, and a master program in Public Health.

In 2015, Dr. Salas was recruited back to the University of Alabama at Birmingham after completing his medical training at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. He is currently Director of the Helping Babies Feed Program, Director of the Professional Development Program for Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine Fellows, and Associate Scientist at the Nutrition Obesity Research Center. He has won several awards, including the 2014 Resident Research Award from the Association of Pediatric Program Directors Mid-Atlantic Region, the 2016 Young Investigator Coaching Program Award from the Society for Pediatric Research, and the 2016 Novice Researcher Award from the Gerber Foundation.

Dr. Salas’ research interests include enteral nutrition and feeding problems in preterm infants. The focus of his current work is early establishment of full enteral feeding in very preterm infants to optimize quantitative and qualitative outcomes of growth.


  1. Fort P, Salas AA, Nicola T, Craig CM, Carlo WA, Ambalavanan N. A comparison of 3 vitamin D dosing regimens in extremely preterm infants: a randomized controlled trial. J Pediatr. 2016 Apr 11. Cited in PubMed; PMID: 27079965.
  2. Salas AA, Carlo WA, Ambalavanan N, Nolen TL, Stoll BJ, Das A, Higgins RD. Gestational age and birthweight for risk assessment of neurodevelopmental impairment or death in extremely preterm infants. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2016 Feb 19. Cited in PubMed; PMID: 26895876.
  3. Salas AA, Smith KA, Rodgers MD, Phillips V, Ambalavanan N. Seasonal variation in solar ultra violet radiation and early mortality in extremely preterm infants. Am J Perinatol. 2015 Nov;32(13):1273-6. Cited in PubMed; PMID: 26039891.
  4. Salas AA, Cuna A, Bhat R, McGwin G Jr, Carlo WA, Ambalavanan N. A randomised trial of refeeding gastric residuals in preterm infants. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2015 May;100(3):F224-8. Cited in PubMed; PMID: 25552280.
  5. Kelleher J, Salas AA, Bhat R, Ambalavanan N, Saha S, Stoll BJ, et al. Prophylactic indomethacin and intestinal perforation in extremely low birth weight infants. Pediatrics. 2014 Nov;134(5):e1369-77. Cited in PubMed; PMID: 25349317.
  6. Salas AA, Bhat R, Dabrowska K, Leadford A, Anderson S, Harmon CM, Ambalavanan N, El-Ferzli GT. The value of PaCO2 in relation to outcome in congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Am J Perinatol. 2014;31(11):939-46. Cited in PubMed; PMID: 24515620.
  7. Kelleher J, Bhat R, Salas AA, Addis D, Mills EC, Mallick H, Tripathi A, Pruitt EP, Roane C, McNair T, Owen J, Ambalavanan N, Carlo WA. Oronasopharyngeal suction versus wiping of the mouth and nose at birth: a randomised equivalency trial. Lancet. 2013 Jul 27;382(9889):326-30. Cited in PubMed; PMID: 23739521.
  8. Leadford AE, Warren JB, Manasyan A, Chomba E, Salas AA, Schelonka R, Carlo WA. Plastic bags for prevention of hypothermia in preterm and low birth weight infants. Pediatrics. 2013 Jul;132(1):e128-34. Cited in PubMed; PMID: 23733796.
  9. Salas AA, Faye-Petersen OM, Sims B, Peralta-Carcelen M, Reilly SD, McGwin G Jr, Carlo WA, Ambalavanan N. Histological characteristics of the fetal inflammatory response associated with neurodevelopmental impairment and death in extremely preterm infants. J Pediatr. 2013 Sep;163(3):652-7. Cited in PubMed; PMID: 23664630.
  10. Bhat R, Salas AA, Foster C, Carlo WA, Ambalavanan N. Prospective analysis of pulmonary hypertension in extremely low birth weight infants. Pediatrics. 2012 Mar;129(3):e682-9. Cited in PubMed; PMID: 22311993.
  11. Nearing GB, Salas AA, Granado-Villar D, Chandler BD, Soliz A. Psychosocial parental support programs and short-term clinical outcomes in extremely low-birth-weight infants. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2012 Jan;25(1):89-93. Cited in PubMed; PMID: 21366394.
  12. Salas AA, Nava A. Acute cerebellar ataxia in childhood: initial approach in the emergency department. Emerg Med J. 2010 Dec;27(12):956-7. Cited in PubMed; PMID: 20581406.
  13. Salas AA. A 7-year-old boy with acute onset of breathing difficulty. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2010 Feb;26(2):149-51. Cited in PubMed; PMID: 20145509.
  14. Salas AA, Salazar HJ, Velasco VH. Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine for preventing pneumonia in infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis: a case-control study. Int J Infect Dis. 2010 Jan;14(1):e68-72. Cited in PubMed; PMID: 19497772.
  15. Salas AA, Salazar J, Burgoa CV, De-Villegas CA, Quevedo V, Soliz A. Significant weight loss in breastfed term infants readmitted for hyperbilirubinemia. BMC Pediatr. 2009 Dec;9(1):82. Cited in PubMed; PMID: 20043852.
  16. Salas AA. Pulse oximetry values in healthy term newborns at high altitude. Ann Trop Paediatr. 2008 Dec;28(4):275-8. Cited in PubMed; PMID: 19021943.
  17. Salas AA, Mazzi E. Exchange transfusion in infants with extreme hyperbilirubinemia: an experience from a developing country. Acta Paediatr. 2008 Jun;97(6):754-8. Cited in PubMed; PMID: 18422806.
  18. Salas AA, Aranda E. Antibiotic prescribing patterns as empirical therapy among hospitalized patients in a Bolivian paediatric teaching hospital. Acta Paediatr. 2007 Oct;96(10):1533-5. Cited in PubMed; PMID: 17714538.