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Past Postdoctoral Member: Stephen J. Carter, Ph.D., ACSM-CPT

Stephen Carter Postdoctoral Fellow
Department of Nutrition Sciences
Cancer Prevention and Control Training Program
University of Alabama at Birmingham
1675 University Blvd Webb Building #248
Birmingham, AL 35233-2432
Phone: (205) 975-0269
Fax: (205) 934-7049
Full CV


  • The University of Alabama - Ph.D., Human Performance, 2014
  • Central Washington University - M.S., Exercise Science, 2010
  • Willamette University - B.A., Exercise Science, 2006


During prolonged exposure to hot ambient conditions, core body temperature invariably rises. My dissertation was largely focused on understanding if aspirin, working as a cyclooxygenase-inhibitor, could alter temperature regulation in humans. More specifically, I was interested in determining if commonly ingested doses could disrupt skin blood flow and local sweat responses thereby upsetting thermal balance during passive and exercise-induced heat stress. Since, optimal physiologic function necessitates a narrow temperature range (37 ± 1 °C), departure from this relative set-point could become potentially problematic. Given the array of maladies linked to obesity, heat stress can be a serious concern for those with compromised health.

Research Activities:

As of June 2014, I’ve been working under the mentorship of Dr. Gary Hunter in the Department of Human Studies. The overarching theme of the research agenda has been to investigate how exercise can affect metabolic regulation, body composition, and energy expenditure. An on-going project has been focused on testing the effects of high intensity exercise on insulin sensitivity, mitochondrial function, and muscle signaling. Additionally, I’m interested in examining vascular and endothelial health in a variety of clinical populations following different systemic perturbations (e.g., exercise training, heat stress, and hypoxia.)


  • 2017
  • 2016
  • 2015
  • 2014
  • 2013
  • 2011
  1. Hunter, G. R., Moellering, D. R., Carter, S. J., Gower, B.A., Bamman, M. M., Hornbuckle, L. M., Plaisance, E. P., and Fisher, G. Potential causes of elevated resting energy expenditure following high-intensity interval exercise. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. (in review)
  2. Neumeier, W. H., Carter, S. J., Chandler-Laney, P. C., Fisher, G., and Hunter, G. R. Fatigue is independently predictive of rating of perceived exertion during lower-intensity but not higher-intensity exercise in older adults. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. (in review)
  3. Carter, S. J., Bryan, D. R., Neumeier, W. H., Glasser, S. P., and Hunter, G. R. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha indirectly influences myocardial oxygen demand and exercise tolerance in postmenopausal women. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. (in review)
  4. Hunter, G. R., Plaisance, E. P. Carter, S. J., and Fisher, G. Why Intensity is not a Bad Word: Optimizing Health Status at any Age. Clinical Nutrition. (in review)
  5. Paulsen, J. A., Ptacek, T.S., Carter, S. J., Morrow, C. D., Liu, N., Kumar, R., Hyndman, L., Lefkowitz, E. J., and Rogers, L. Q. Gut microbiota composition associated with alterations in cardiorespiratory fitness and psychosocial outcomes among breast cancer survivors. Supportive Care in Cancer. 2017. January 7. [Epub ahead of print].
  1. Carter, S. J., Herron, R. L., Rogers, L. Q., and Hunter, G. R. Is “high-intensity” a bad word? Correspondence for Journal of Physiotherapy. 2016. 62(3): 175. [PMID: 27320829]
  2. Rogers, L. Q., Courneya, K. S., Carter, S. J., Anton, P. M., Verhulst, S., Vicari, S. K., Robbs, R. S., and McAuley, E. Effects of a multicomponent physical activity behavior change intervention on breast cancer survivor health status outcomes in a randomized controlled trial. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment. 2016. 159(2): 283-291.
  3. Carter, S. J., Plaisance, E. P., Fisher, G., Fernandez, J. R., Gower, B. A., and Hunter, G. R. Alterations in hemoglobin and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D are related before and after weight loss independent of African admixture. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 2016. May 20. [Epub ahead of print].
  4. Carter, S. J., Hunter, G. R., McAuley, E., Courneya, K. S., Anton, P. M., and Rogers, L. Q. Lower rate-pressure product during submaximal walking: a link to fatigue improvement following a physical activity intervention among breast cancer survivors. Journal of Cancer Survivorship. 2016. 10(5): 927-934. [PMID: 27061740]
  5. Carter, S. J., Goldsby, T. U., Fisher, G., Plaisance, E. P., Gower, B. A., Glasser, S. P., and Hunter, G. R. Systolic blood pressure response after high-intensity interval exercise is independently related to decreased small arterial elasticity in normotensive African American women. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 2016. 41(5): 484-490. [PMID: 26953821]
  1. Hunter, G. R., Fisher, G., Neumeier, W. H., Carter, S. J., and Plaisance, E. P. Exercise training and energy expenditure following weight loss. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2015. 47(9): 1950-1957. [doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000622] [PMID: 25606816]
  2. Carter, S. J. Into “thinner” air: A novel strategy to improve clinical outcomes and support weight loss? Journal of Obesity and Weight Loss Therapy. 2015. 5(5): e118.
  3. Hunter, G. R., McCarthy, J. P., Carter, S. J., Bamman, M. M., Gaddy, E. S., Fisher, G., Katsoulis, K., Plaisance, E. P., and Newcomer, B. R. Muscle fiber type, Achilles tendon length, potentiation, and running economy. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2015. 29(5): 1302-1309.
  4. Carter, S. J., Herron, R. L., Akers, S. Z., and Bishop, P. A. Acetylsalicylic acid does not alter thermo-effector responses during mild, whole-body passive heat stress in young men. International Journal of Hyperthermia. 2015. 31(4): 319-324. [10.3109/02656736.2014.999721] [PMID: 25697227]
  1. Zhang, Y., Carter, S. J., Schumaker, R. E., Neggers, Y. H., Curtner-Smith, M. D., Richardson, M. T., Green, J. M., and Bishop, P. A. Effect of caffeine on fluid balance during exercise-heat stress and recovery. South African Journal of Sports Medicine. 2014. 26(2): 43-47.


  1. Esco, M. R., Herron, R. L., Carter, S. J., and Flatt, A. A. Association of body composition and aerobic fitness on heart rate variability and recovery in Black men. International Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2013. 4: 532-538.
  2. Del Pozzi, A. T., Carter, S. J., Collins, A. B., and Hodges, G. J. Regional differences in the contribution of nitric oxide synthase to skin blood flow at forearm and lower leg sites. Microvascular Research. 2013. 90: 106-111.
  1. Carter, S. J., and Hodges, G. J. Sensory and sympathetic nerve contributions during cutaneous vasodilator responses from a noxious stimulus. Experimental Physiology. 2011. 96(11): 1208-1217.


Years: 2014 - present
(2015 - present) Laura Q. Rogers, MD, MPH and Lyse A. Norian, PhD
(2014 - 2015) Gary R. Hunter, PhD and Laura Q. Rogers, MD, MPH